Public health classifies prevention efforts into three levels:
approaches aim to stop sexual and interpersonal violence before it occurs; preventing initial victimization and perpetration (e.g. promoting cultural change).
approaches are immediate responses to sexual and interpersonal violence after the violence occurred to deal with short-term consequences (e.g. residential relocation, immediate counseling).
approaches are long-term responses to sexual and interpersonal violence that addresses lasting consequences of victimization (e.g. ongoing counseling).